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Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that is caused by bacteria called chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia is one of the most common STI, it can affect both men and women. It can lead to long term complications in women in severe cases, which include infertility and chronic pelvic pain.
Due to the lack of prominent symptoms in the early stages, chlamydia may often remain unnoticed for a long period of time. Delay in diagnosis and treatment can cause chlamydia to spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes which can further lead to pelvic inflammatory diseases PID in women.
In severe cases, chlamydia can even block the fallopian tubes and is thus a risk factor for infertility in women. Due to tubal block, there is increased risk of ectopic pregnancy, which is pregnancy in the fallopian tube, This Ectopic pregnancy can be life-threatening if the fallopian tube carrying the pregnancy ruptures, leading to significant bleeding into the abdomen. Extreme pain in the abdomen and shoulder tip pain are emergency signs and one should go to the hospital immediately.
Chlamydia is most prevalent in youngsters. A person can get chlamydia during oral, vaginal, or anal sex with someone who is already suffering from the chlamydia infection. Penetration is not necessary for the infection to spread, merely touching the genitals can also transmit the bacteria from one person to another.
The risk is high for people who have unprotected sexual intercourse (without a condom) or have multiple sex partners. Chlamydia can also be passed on from the mother to her newborn during childbirth.
As many as 90% of men and women with chlamydia do not have any visible signs or worrisome symptoms. Thus, this STI often goes undiagnosed in most cases and is spread easily between partners. Below mentioned are the common signs and symptoms of chlamydia:
1. Abnormal vaginal discharge with a foul smell
2. Itching and irritation in and around the vagina
3. Burning sensation during urination
4. Pain during sexual intercourse
5. Abdomen aches during periods that may be accompanied by fever
6. Irregular bleeding in between periods
In PID, women may even experience pain in the lower abdomen, nausea, vomiting, and fever.
Chlamydia is diagnosed from urine sample, vaginal swab test or blood test
Oral antibiotic drugs are prescribed to patients who are tested positive for chlamydia. This helps prevent the further spread of the infection but does not repair the damage that has already been done. In critical cases, patients may require hospitalisation for intravenous antibiotics and pain medications. A patient complaining of chlamydia must refrain from having sex in order to prevent passing on the chlamydia bacterial infection to his/her sexual partners. Even if symptoms have subsided, it is advised to complete the course of antibiotics. Both/all partners need course of antibiotic to prevent further spread.
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To Experience the joy of holding your little one in your arms, schedule an appointment at Genesis Fertility and Laparoscopy Centre today!