Why Is The Sperm Count Reducing Since The Millennium?
Sperm count is the number of sperm present in one millilitre of a man’s semen. A normal sperm count is considered to be 16 million sperm per millilitre or more. A lower sperm count is known as oligozoospermia and can be a sign of infertility or other health issues. The most common cause of a low sperm count is life style. Sometimes conditions such as varicocele, where the veins in the testicles become enlarged with increased flow of blood. This generates excess heat and reduces production of sperm.
Other causes of a low sperm count can include infections, hormonal imbalances, and lifestyle choices such as smoking, drinking alcohol, and using certain drugs. In some cases, a low sperm count can be improved with lifestyle changes and medications. However, if the cause is a medical condition, then the treatment will depend on the underlying cause. Consult a fertility centre in case you are facing fertility issues
Factors affecting Sperm Count:
- Health: Smoking, alcohol and drug abuse lower sperm count.
- Medication: Steroids, antidepressants, narcotic drugs lower sperm count
- Stress: Stress can affect the hormones that regulate sperm production and cause a lower sperm count.
- Environment: Exposure to certain chemicals and toxins, such as pesticides, can lower sperm count.
- Varicocele: A varicocele is a swelling of the veins in the scrotum and can reduce sperm count.
- Abnormalities: Genetic abnormalities, such as Klinefelter Syndrome, can lower sperm count.
How does life style affect sperm count in men?
Smoking, drinking alcohol, using drugs, and eating unhealthy foods, can all have a negative effect on sperm count. Smoking has been linked to decreased sperm count and motility, while alcohol consumption has been linked to reduced sperm quality and function. Drug use, such as anabolic steroids, can also reduce sperm count.
How does stress affect sperm count in men?
High levels of stress negatively affect a male’s sperm count. It causes a decrease in sperm count, as well as a decrease in sperm production. Stress is linked to a number of other problems such as decreased libido and erectile dysfunction. Stress also leads to hormonal imbalance, which has an even more profound effect on sperm count.
What is Sperm Quality and Motility?
The quantity and motility of sperm are important factors in determining the fertility of a male. Sperm count and motility together can be used to measure a man’s fertility potential. A higher quantity of motile sperm results in a higher chance of successful fertilisation. Sperm motility refers to the ability of sperm to swim. When sperm motility is low, it decreases the chances of a sperm reaching and fertilising an egg. Low sperm motility makes it difficult for the sperm to reach and penetrate the egg’s outer layer, which is necessary for fertilisation to occur. It’s important to seek medical advice in cases of low sperm count or motility.
Tips to improve low sperm count:
- Lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, reducing alcohol consumption, exercising regularly, and reducing stress
- Vitamins and minerals such as zinc, selenium, vitamin C, and vitamin E
Consult a fertility centre in order to find a solution for male infertility problems related to sperm count.
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